CERVICAL SCREENING – STEPPING AHEAD TO REDUCE THE EFFECTS OF THE SECOND MOST COMMON CANCER
Cervical Screening is the procedure to determine and eliminate the abnormal tissues in the cervix area before cervical cancer develops. Cervical Screening is also a way to examine the health of your cervix. It is not a treatment for cancer but a way to prevent it. In cervical cancer, the cell of the cervix starts multiplying uncontrollably and in 99% of the cases, cervical cancer is caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV), a virus that is commonly found in the mouth, throat, and genital area. However, to eradicate this deadly disease, cervical screening is advised.
In the UAE, cervical cancer is known to be the seventh-highest cause for female deaths and Emirati females make up 30% of cervical cancer cases. However, according to the World Health Organization, Cervical Cancer is also the fourth most common cancer affecting women. Therefore, to prevent women from falling prey to this deadly disease, cervical screening is advised to cut down the harmful effects of this horrendous cancer.
Cervical Cancer is usually caused by the Human Papillomavirus infection, having many sexual partners, an unhealthy lifestyle like smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol, another common cause of cervical cancer is engaging in early sexual contact.
Cervical Screening is a simple procedure performed to detect the presence of cancerous cells in the cervix. However, a small brush or a cotton swab is usually used to reach the cervix or the opening of the womb. The doctor will take a small sample of cells from the cervix and the sample will be examined for certain types of Papillomaviruses that are responsible for causing changes in the cells of the cervix. If any kind of abnormal cells are not found in the result, then you will not need any further treatment. Anyhow, if HPV cells are found in your result from the sample, your sample will be checked for changes it might have caused in your cervix and these can be treated before they turn into cancer cells. You will get your result in a week and your doctor will guide you regarding the further process if needed.
Cervical Screening reduces the risk of getting cervical cancer as the screening detects the growth of abnormal cells in your cervix before they start developing into dangerous cancer cells. Through the process of cervical screening, the doctor can remove the parts of the cervix that contain the cells before developing into cancer cells. Moreover, cervical screening can save millions of lives hence preventing women from developing this cancer.
Experts say that Regular screening of women between the ages of 21 and 65 years with the Pap test decreases their chance of dying from cervical cancer.
Doctors are suggesting that Pap smear tests alone can help reduce the incidence of the second most common cancer by up to 80 percent
According to the experts of the United Kingdom National Health Service, there is “potential” to eliminate cervical cancer with the Cervical Cancer Screening Programme.